In 1956, most male Berkeley students vote against required military training on campus. In 1959, then-ASUC President Dave Armor writes to student body presidents at land grant universities asking for advice on obtaining voluntary ROTC programs. UC President Clark Kerr initiates a study of mandatory ROTC; the results are presented to the Regents in 1960.
The following year, the SLATE activist student political party pickets an ROTC drill to highlight continuing opposition to mandatory ROTC and the lack of a definitive administrative response. Student Jim Creighton pickets in his ROTC uniform and subsequently is given a failing grade in required military training. The Academic Senate defeats motions to both change his grade and to require the military science programs on campus to conform to “rules, regulations and customs” of the university.
Then, in 1962, 100 years after the passage of the Morrill Land Grant Act, mandatory military training for male undergraduates ends, by action of the Regents and at UC President Kerr’s request. ROTC programs continue, but are voluntary. By September 1962, campus ROTC reports that voluntary enrollment has declined by 90 percent from the previous year.