Research archive

First detailed look at the guts of world’s smallest lifeforms

First detailed look at the guts of world’s smallest lifeforms February 27, 2015:

UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab scientist Jill Banfield and colleagues have for the first time snapped detailed microscopic photos of what may be the smallest forms of life on Earth: common bacteria that appear to pack their DNA very tightly. The team also sequenced the genomes of these strange bacteria.

New report documents progress in California health care quality

New report documents progress in California health care quality February 17, 2015:

California’s accountable care organizations are growing in size and number, serving more patients, and improving the quality of care—according to a report released today by the Berkeley Forum for Improving California’s Healthcare Delivery System.

Center for Built Environment wins $8 million in research grants

Center for Built Environment wins $8 million in research grants February 17, 2015:

The Center for the Built Environment at the College of Environmental Design has been awarded $8 million to fund core research in radiant systems and task/ambient approaches to workplace comfort, and R&D in new technologies for monitoring and control of commercial buildings.

Google gives Lick Observatory $1 million

Google gives Lick Observatory $1 million February 10, 2015:

Google Inc. has given $1 million to the UC’s Lick Observatory in what astronomer Alex Filippenko hopes is the first of many private gifts to support an invaluable teaching and research resource for the state. The funds will augment the $1.5 million the UC Office of the President gives annually to operate the mountaintop observatory for the 10-campus UC system.

Study reveals how oxygen is like kryptonite to titanium with video

Study reveals how oxygen is like kryptonite to titanium February 5, 2015:

UC Berkeley scientists have found the mechanism by which titanium, prized for its high strength-to-weight ratio and natural resistance to corrosion, becomes brittle with just a few extra atoms of oxygen. The discovery could potentially lead to more practical, cost-effective use of titanium in a broader range of applications, including vehicles, buildings and bridges.

MacArthur Foundation awards $1 million to Human Rights Center with video

MacArthur Foundation awards $1 million to Human Rights Center February 5, 2015:

The MacArthur Foundation has honored the UC Berkeley Human Rights Center for its investigations and research on war crimes and human rights abuses with a 2015 MacArthur Award for Creative and Effective Institutions. The award, announced Thursday, Feb. 5, comes with $1 million, which the center will use to establish an endowment and to expand its sexual violence program.

Scientists take big step in making graphene a viable silicon substitute

Scientists take big step in making graphene a viable silicon substitute January 26, 2015:

New research moves the wonder material graphene a major step closer to knocking silicon off as the dominant workhorse of the electronics industry. While silicon is ubiquitous in semiconductors and integrated circuits, scientists have been eyeing graphene ­because of the ultrafast speed with which electrons can zip through the material.

Was first nuclear test the start of new human-dominated epoch, the Anthropocene?

Was first nuclear test the start of new human-dominated epoch, the Anthropocene? January 16, 2015:

Is Earth at the dawn of a new geological epoch dominated by human-influenced geologic and environmental change? Anthony Barnosky is part of a group that proposes that this new era, called the Anthropocene, indeed began at the start of the nuclear era with the 1945 Trinity nuclear bomb test in New Mexico.

Q&A: Alivisatos, Kavli directors explore future of nanoscience

Q&A: Alivisatos, Kavli directors explore future of nanoscience January 14, 2015:

In advance of the inaugural symposium Jan. 15-16 of the new Kavli Energy NanoScience Institute, Kavli ENSI director Paul Alivisatos joins Paul McEuen, director of the Kavli institute at Cornell, and Nai-Chang Yeh, director of the Kavli institute at Caltech, to discuss the future of nanoscience.

World’s oldest butchery tools gave evolutionary edge to human communication with video

World’s oldest butchery tools gave evolutionary edge to human communication January 13, 2015:

Two and a half million years ago, our hominin ancestors in the African savanna crafted rocks into shards that could slice apart a dead gazelle, zebra or other game animal. Over the next 700,000 years, this butchering technology spread throughout the continent and, it turns out, came to be a major evolutionary force, according to new research that combines the tools of psychology, evolutionary biology and archaeology.

Kids sleep less when smartphones are nearby, study finds

Kids sleep less when smartphones are nearby, study finds January 6, 2015:

A study led by a UC Berkeley researcher finds that children who slept in the same room as small screens such as smartphones got almost 21 fewer minutes of shuteye a night than those who didn’t. The findings contribute to a growing body of evidence that electronic gadgets in the bedroom interfere with sleep.

UC Natural Reserve System gets $1.9 million for climate change research

UC Natural Reserve System gets $1.9 million for climate change research December 23, 2014:

An ambitious plan to use the UC Natural Reserve System to detect and forecast the ecological impacts of climate change in California has received a $1.9 million research award. The proposal will establish a UC-wide Institute for the Study of Ecological and Evolutionary Climate Impacts (ISEECI).